Debugging TypeScript Applications Using Developer Tools

Debugging TypeScript

Debugging is an essential skill for any developer, regardless of the programming language they use. When working with TypeScript, having the ability to effectively debug your applications can save you countless hours of frustration and help you identify and fix issues quickly. Fortunately, TypeScript provides excellent support for debugging, and you can take advantage of various developer tools to enhance your debugging experience.

Setting Up Your Development Environment

Before diving into the specifics of debugging TypeScript applications, it's crucial to ensure you have a proper development environment set up. Start by installing TypeScript using Node Package Manager (NPM) or Yarn:

npm install -g typescript

Once TypeScript is installed, you can set up a TypeScript project by creating a tsconfig.json file in the root directory of your project. This file specifies the TypeScript compiler options and configuration for your project. You can quickly generate a basic tsconfig.json file using the tsc command:

tsc --init

Debugging with Chrome Developer Tools

Chrome's Developer Tools provide powerful debugging capabilities for TypeScript applications. To get started, open your TypeScript project in Google Chrome and follow these steps:

  1. Open the Chrome Developer Tools by right-clicking on your application and selecting "Inspect".
  2. Navigate to the "Sources" tab in the Developer Tools.
  3. Locate your TypeScript file (usually under the "localhost" folder).
  4. Set breakpoints by clicking on the line number you want to pause execution.
  5. Interact with your application or trigger the code that you want to debug.

Once your code execution reaches a breakpoint, the Developer Tools will pause, and you can inspect the current state of your variables, step through your code, and monitor the call stack. This allows you to identify and fix errors or understand how your code behaves.

Debugging with Visual Studio Code

Visual Studio Code (VS Code) is a popular code editor that provides extensive support for TypeScript debugging. If you haven't already, install the Debugger for Chrome extension in VS Code. Then, follow these steps to debug your TypeScript application:

  1. Open your TypeScript project in VS Code.
  2. Set breakpoints by clicking on the line number you want to pause execution.
  3. Press F5 or go to the "Run" menu and select "Start Debugging".
  4. VS Code will launch your application in Chrome and attach the debugger.
  5. Interact with your application or trigger the code that you want to debug.

When execution reaches a breakpoint, VS Code will automatically pause and allow you to inspect variables, navigate the code, and step through your application. The integrated debugging experience in VS Code makes it incredibly convenient to debug TypeScript projects effectively.


Debugging TypeScript applications is essential for identifying and fixing errors or understanding how code behaves. By leveraging developer tools like Chrome's Developer Tools or Visual Studio Code's integrated debugger, you can enhance your debugging process and streamline your development workflow. Understanding how to set up a proper development environment and use these tools effectively will undoubtedly make debugging TypeScript applications a breeze. So, embrace the debugging process, and happy coding!

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