Implementing OAuth 2.0 Authorization and Resource Servers

OAuth 2.0 is an industry-standard protocol for authorization. It enables third-party applications to access resources on behalf of the resource owner. OAuth 2.0 consists of several components, including an authorization server, resource server, and client application. In this article, we will explore how to implement OAuth 2.0 authorization and resource servers using the Spring Security framework.

What is OAuth 2.0?

OAuth 2.0 provides a way for users to grant access to their resources stored on a particular website without sharing their credentials. It utilizes tokens to grant access to resources instead of sharing username and password. This approach enhances security and privacy for both users and applications.

Spring Security and OAuth 2.0

Spring Security is a powerful framework that provides excellent support for implementing OAuth 2.0-based security in your applications. It offers various features to secure your resources, authenticate users, and handle authorization with ease.

Setting up the Authorization Server

To implement an OAuth 2.0 authorization server, let's start by adding the necessary dependencies to our project. Using Spring Boot and Maven, we can simply add the following dependencies to our pom.xml file.


Next, we need to configure the authorization server by creating a class that extends AuthorizationServerConfigurerAdapter. This class allows us to customize the behavior of the authorization server.

public class AuthServerConfig extends AuthorizationServerConfigurerAdapter {

    private AuthenticationManager authenticationManager;

    public void configure(ClientDetailsServiceConfigurer clients) throws Exception {
                .authorizedGrantTypes("authorization_code", "refresh_token")
                .scopes("read", "write")

    public void configure(AuthorizationServerEndpointsConfigurer endpoints) throws Exception {

Here, we configure the client details using the ClientDetailsServiceConfigurer. In this example, we are using in-memory client details, but you can customize it with your own implementation. We also configure the endpoints to use the AuthenticationManager for authentication.

Implementing the Resource Server

To implement the resource server, we need to add the following dependency to our project.


Next, we can configure the resource server by creating a class that extends ResourceServerConfigurerAdapter. This class allows us to specify the resources that need to be protected.

public class ResourceServerConfig extends ResourceServerConfigurerAdapter {

    public void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {

In this configuration, we define that any request to /api/** should be authenticated, while any other request can be accessed without authentication.

Putting it All Together

Once we have configured the authorization and resource servers, we can combine them in a Spring Boot application by adding the @SpringBootApplication annotation to our main class.

public class MyApp {

    public static void main(String[] args) {, args);

With this setup, we now have a functional OAuth 2.0 authorization and resource server. This implementation can be extended and customized to fit the specific needs of your application.


Implementing OAuth 2.0 authorization and resource servers using Spring Security is straightforward and efficient. Spring Security provides the necessary tools and configurations to secure your resources and handle authentication and authorization seamlessly. By carefully following the steps outlined in this article, you can improve the security and accessibility of your applications.

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