Implementing Security Features in a Spring Boot Application

Security is a critical aspect of any application, especially when dealing with sensitive user data and protecting against potential threats. When developing Spring Boot applications, integrating security features becomes paramount. This article will guide you through the process of implementing security features in a Spring Boot application.

Step 1: Add Spring Security Dependency

The first step is to add the Spring Security dependency to your Spring Boot project. Open your pom.xml file and include the following dependency:


This will bring in all the necessary dependencies required for implementing security features.

Step 2: Configure Security

Next, you need to configure the security for your Spring Boot application. Create a new class, e.g., SecurityConfig, and annotate it with @EnableWebSecurity to enable the Spring Security configuration. Extend the WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter class to override the default configurations. Here's an example configuration:

public class SecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {

In this example, we have configured the security to allow all requests to /public/** without authentication, while requiring authentication for all other requests. We have also specified a custom login page and allowed access to it without authentication. Finally, the logout endpoint is also configured to allow access without authentication.

Step 3: User Authentication

To enable user authentication, you need to implement a UserDetailsService and password encoder for Spring Security. Create a new class, e.g., SecurityService, which implements the UserDetailsService interface. This class will be responsible for retrieving user details from a user repository.

public class SecurityService implements UserDetailsService {

    private final UserRepository userRepository;

    // Constructor injection
    public SecurityService(UserRepository userRepository) {
        this.userRepository = userRepository;

    public UserDetails loadUserByUsername(String username) throws UsernameNotFoundException {
        User user = userRepository.findByUsername(username)
                .orElseThrow(() -> new UsernameNotFoundException("User not found"));

        return new
                Collections.singletonList(new SimpleGrantedAuthority("USER"))

Here, we are retrieving the user from the repository based on the provided username and creating a UserDetails object with the required information.

Step 4: Password Encoding

To securely store user passwords, it's essential to encode them. In your SecurityConfig class, you need to provide a password encoder bean. Add the following method to your SecurityConfig class:

public PasswordEncoder passwordEncoder() {
    return new BCryptPasswordEncoder();

We are using the BCryptPasswordEncoder here, but you can choose any other encoder available in Spring Security.

Step 5: Secure Endpoints

You can secure specific endpoints by configuring method-level security. For example, you can use the @PreAuthorize annotation to restrict access to certain roles or permissions:

public class UserController {

    public List<User> getAllUsers() {
        // Your code here

    // Other methods

In this example, only users with the ADMIN role will be able to access the /api/users endpoint.


Implementing security features in a Spring Boot application is crucial to safeguard your application and protect user data. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can ensure that your Spring Boot application is secure and well-protected against potential threats.

Remember to stay updated with the latest security practices and regularly audit your code and configurations for any vulnerabilities.

noob to master © copyleft