Configuring Actuator Endpoints for Health Checks, Metrics, and Monitoring

Actuator is a powerful feature in Spring Boot that allows you to monitor and interact with your application. It provides endpoints for gathering different types of information, including health checks and metrics. In this article, we will explore how to configure Actuator endpoints for health checks, metrics, and monitoring in your Spring Boot application.

Enabling Actuator Endpoints

To start using Actuator, you need to include the required dependencies in your project's pom.xml file or build.gradle file. For Maven, add the following dependency:


For Gradle, add the following dependency:

implementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-actuator'

After adding the Actuator dependency, Spring Boot automatically enables some default endpoints like /health and /info. These endpoints provide basic information about the health of your application and general details about your application's configuration.

Configuring Actuator Endpoints

In addition to the default endpoints, Actuator allows you to configure additional endpoints for health checks, metrics, and monitoring. You can define which endpoints to expose and customize their properties by adding configuration to your or application.yml file.

Customizing Endpoint Properties

You can customize the properties of an Actuator endpoint by setting their values in the configuration file. For example, to change the path of the /health endpoint, add the following property to your configuration file:

Similarly, you can customize other endpoints like /info, /metrics, /env, etc., by setting their corresponding properties.

Enabling Additional Endpoints

To enable additional Actuator endpoints, you need to include their dependencies and configure their properties.

For example, let's say you want to enable the /metrics endpoint to gather metrics about your application's performance. Add the following dependency to your pom.xml or build.gradle file:


Then, configure the /metrics endpoint by adding the following properties to your configuration file:


This configuration enables the /metrics endpoint along with the default /health and /info endpoints.

Securing Actuator Endpoints

By default, Actuator endpoints are not secured and can be accessed by anyone who knows their URL. If you want to secure the Actuator endpoints, you can configure authentication and authorization mechanisms.

For example, you can enable basic authentication for Actuator endpoints by adding the following properties to your configuration file:


These configurations enable basic authentication for the /health and /info endpoints and specify that only users with the ADMIN role can access them.


Configuring Actuator endpoints for health checks, metrics, and monitoring is essential for monitoring and managing your Spring Boot application. By customizing the properties of endpoints and enabling additional endpoints, you can gather detailed information about your application's health and performance. Additionally, securing Actuator endpoints ensures that sensitive information is protected and only accessible to authorized users. Actuator is a valuable tool that empowers developers to monitor, manage, and debug their Spring Boot applications effectively.

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