Deploying Rails Applications to Production Servers

Rails is a powerful framework for developing web applications, but deploying these applications to production servers can be a daunting task. In this article, we will explore the steps required to deploy a Rails application to a production server, focusing on the deployment process using Redis.


Before diving into the deployment process, there are a few prerequisites to consider:

  1. A production server: You will need a server where your Rails application will be hosted. This server should have Redis installed.

  2. Redis: Redis is an open-source, in-memory data structure store that can be used as a cache, database, or message broker. It is commonly used with Rails applications for session storage, caching, and queuing.

  3. Capistrano: Capistrano is a deployment automation tool for Rails applications. It simplifies the deployment process by automating tasks such as code updates, server provisioning, and database migrations.

Step 1: Set up your production server

Make sure your production server meets the requirements for running a Rails application. Install Ruby, Rails, and Redis on the server. Set up a production database (e.g., PostgreSQL or MySQL) and configure your Rails application to use this database.

Step 2: Configure your Rails application

Before deploying your Rails application, ensure that the necessary configuration changes are made. Update your config/database.yml file with the production database credentials. Configure Redis as the session store and cache backend in config/initializers/session_store.rb and config/environments/production.rb, respectively.

Step 3: Prepare your Rails application for deployment

Ensure your Rails application is ready for deployment by resolving any gems or dependencies. Run tests to ensure all functionality is working correctly. Optimize your assets by precompiling them using the command bundle exec rake assets:precompile.

Step 4: Set up Capistrano for deployment

Capistrano simplifies the deployment process by automating tasks. Install the Capistrano gem by adding it to your Gemfile. Then, run bundle install to install the gem. Generate the deployment configuration files by running cap install. This will create the necessary config files within config/deploy.

Step 5: Configure Capistrano

Update the config/deploy.rb file with the server details and any additional configurations required for your Rails application. This may include repository URL, branch, deployment path, and server connection settings. Ensure that the Redis server details are provided in the configuration.

Step 6: Deploy your Rails application

Once the configuration is complete, you are ready to deploy your Rails application using Capistrano. Execute the command cap production deploy. This will initialize the deployment process, pulling the latest code from the repository, running any necessary migrations, and restarting the application server.

Step 7: Monitoring and maintenance

After successfully deploying your Rails application, monitor its performance and respond to issues promptly. Utilize tools like monitoring services, log aggregators, and error reporting tools to ensure the application is running smoothly. Regularly perform maintenance tasks such as database backups, security updates, and application version upgrades.


Deploying Rails applications to production servers can be complex, but following a systematic approach simplifies the process. By preparing your application, using automation tools like Capistrano, and configuring Redis, you can ensure a smooth deployment process. Regular monitoring and maintenance will help keep your application running reliably in production.

noob to master © copyleft