Creating and Executing Stored Procedures in MySQL

In MySQL, stored procedures are a powerful feature that allows you to create reusable code blocks that can be executed at a later time. They are particularly useful for queries or tasks that need to be performed repeatedly.

Creating a Stored Procedure

To create a stored procedure in MySQL, you need to use the CREATE PROCEDURE statement. Here's the general syntax:

CREATE PROCEDURE procedure_name ([parameter_list])
    [characteristic ...]
        -- SQL statements

Let's break down each component of the syntax:

  • procedure_name: This is the name you choose for your stored procedure.
  • parameter_list (optional): This is where you can specify one or more parameters that can be passed to the procedure.
  • characteristic (optional): This can be used to define additional characteristics of the stored procedure, such as security privileges or SQL mode.
  • BEGIN and END: These keywords define the beginning and end of the stored procedure's code block.

Within the BEGIN and END blocks, you can include any valid SQL statements, such as SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, or even other stored procedure calls.

Example: Creating a Simple Stored Procedure

Let's say we want to create a stored procedure that retrieves all customers from a hypothetical customers table. Here's how we could define the stored procedure:

CREATE PROCEDURE get_all_customers()
        SELECT * FROM customers;

As you can see, we named the stored procedure get_all_customers and used a simple SELECT statement to retrieve all records from the customers table.

Executing a Stored Procedure

To execute a stored procedure in MySQL, you can use the CALL statement followed by the procedure name and any required arguments. Here's the basic syntax:

CALL procedure_name([argument_list]);

Let's illustrate this with an example. Using our previous get_all_customers stored procedure, we can execute it like this:

CALL get_all_customers();

After executing this statement, the stored procedure will run and return the result set, displaying all the customer records from the customers table.


Stored procedures provide a convenient way to encapsulate and execute reusable code blocks in MySQL. They can simplify complex queries, improve performance, and enhance code organization. By understanding the syntax for creating and executing stored procedures, you can take advantage of this powerful feature in your MySQL projects.

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