Using Scripted Fields and Calculated Fields in Visualizations

Kibana is a powerful tool that allows users to visualize and analyze data from Elasticsearch. One of the key features of Kibana is the ability to create scripted fields and calculated fields, which can greatly enhance your visualizations. In this article, we will explore the use of scripted fields and calculated fields in Kibana and how they can be used to derive valuable insights from your data.

What are Scripted Fields?

Scripted fields in Kibana allow you to create custom fields based on existing fields in your Elasticsearch index. These custom fields are generated using scripts written in the Lucene expression language or painless scripting language. Scripted fields can be used in visualizations, filters, and aggregations, just like any other field in your index.

To create a scripted field in Kibana, navigate to the Management tab, then select Index Patterns. Choose the desired index pattern and go to the Scripted Fields tab. From there, click on the Add Scripted Field button to define your custom field.

Scripted fields can be used to perform various calculations on existing fields, such as concatenating fields, converting data types, or applying mathematical operations. For example, you can create a scripted field that calculates the profit margin based on the revenue and cost fields in your index. This allows you to easily visualize the profit margin for different products or time periods in your Kibana visualizations.

What are Calculated Fields?

Calculated fields, on the other hand, are a more recent addition to Kibana and provide a simpler way to create custom fields. Unlike scripted fields, calculated fields don't require writing scripts but instead leverage the powerful functionality of Elasticsearch's runtime fields.

To create a calculated field in Kibana, go to the Management tab, then select Index Patterns. Choose the desired index pattern and navigate to the Calculated Fields tab. Click on the Add Calculated Field button and fill in the necessary details.

Calculated fields allow you to use mathematical expressions, functions, and operators directly within Kibana's user interface. You can perform calculations, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and more, on existing fields in your index. This is particularly helpful when you want to quickly analyze your data without writing complex scripts.

Benefits of Using Scripted and Calculated Fields

Using scripted and calculated fields in your Kibana visualizations offers several benefits:

  1. Flexibility: With scripted fields, you have full control over the calculations and transformations applied to your data. This allows you to tailor your visualizations to your specific requirements.

  2. Data Exploration: Scripted and calculated fields enable you to uncover hidden patterns or relationships within your data. By creating custom fields based on existing ones, you can perform in-depth analysis and gain valuable insights.

  3. Ease of Use: While scripted fields require writing scripts, calculated fields provide a more user-friendly experience. By simply specifying mathematical expressions and functions, you can easily create custom fields without the need for scripting expertise.

  4. Real-Time Analysis: Scripted and calculated fields are computed on the fly, ensuring that your visualizations are always up to date with the latest data. This allows for real-time monitoring and analysis of your Elasticsearch index.


Scripted fields and calculated fields are powerful features in Kibana that enable users to enhance their visualizations and extract valuable insights from their data. By leveraging these features, you can perform complex calculations, transform your data, and create custom fields on the fly. Whether you prefer the flexibility of scripted fields or the simplicity of calculated fields, both options provide a seamless way to enhance your Kibana experience and gain deeper insights into your data.

So, why not explore the power of scripted and calculated fields in Kibana and unlock the hidden potential within your data?

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