Creating Alert Conditions and Actions in Kibana

Kibana, an open-source data visualization and exploration tool, provides users with powerful features to monitor and analyze data in real-time. One such feature is the capability to create alert conditions and actions, allowing users to set up notifications for specific events or data anomalies. In this article, we will explore how to create alert conditions and actions in Kibana.

Alert Conditions

Alert conditions define the rules based on which Kibana triggers an alert. These conditions involve analyzing data in Elasticsearch indices and can be customized according to specific requirements. To create an alert condition, follow the steps below:

  1. Log in to your Kibana instance and navigate to the Alerts and Actions tab.
  2. Click on Create rule to start creating a new alert.
  3. Configure the basic details of the alert, such as name, description, and index pattern.
  4. In the Define conditions section, select the field or metric you want to monitor. For example, you might want to monitor the CPU usage, network traffic, or any other relevant metric.
  5. Set the condition that triggers the alert. You can choose from various operators (e.g., greater than, less than, equals) and provide a threshold value.
  6. Optionally, you can add additional conditions or group them using logical operators such as AND or OR.
  7. Save the conditions and proceed to define the actions for the alert.

Alert Actions

Alert actions determine what happens when an alert is triggered based on the defined conditions. Kibana offers multiple options for alert actions, including sending email notifications, creating index documents, and integrating with webhook endpoints. To set up alert actions, follow these steps:

  1. In the Define actions section of the alert creation form, click on Add action.
  2. Choose the type of action you want to perform. For example, let's select Email as the action type.
  3. Configure the email details, such as the recipient's email address, subject, and message.
  4. You can also include dynamic content in the email using Elasticsearch query language.
  5. Save the action and proceed to configure any additional actions if required.
  6. Once you have defined all the necessary actions, save the alert rule.

Testing and Managing Alerts

After creating alert conditions and actions, it is essential to test the alert rule to ensure that it works as expected. Kibana allows users to simulate alert conditions using sample data or specific queries. By testing the alert, you can verify if the notifications are sent correctly and make any necessary adjustments before activating it.

To manage alerts and view their overall status, navigate to the Alerts and Actions tab in Kibana. Here, you can see the list of all configured alerts, their current state, and any recent execution results. Kibana provides features to enable, disable, or delete alerts as per the requirements.


Creating alert conditions and actions in Kibana offers a powerful way to monitor data and receive real-time notifications when specific conditions are met. By leveraging the flexible conditions and various action types provided by Kibana, users can tailor alerts to their specific needs. This capability assists organizations in ensuring timely awareness of critical events and taking proactive measures to mitigate potential issues.

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