Writing Simple JUnit Test Cases Using the @Test Annotation

JUnit is one of the most popular unit testing frameworks for Java applications. It provides a simple and efficient way to write test cases and automate the testing process. One of the key features of JUnit is the @Test annotation, which allows developers to define test methods easily. In this article, we will explore how to write simple JUnit test cases using the @Test annotation.

What is a Test Case?

Before diving into JUnit, let's understand what a test case is. In software development, a test case is a specific scenario or condition that verifies if a particular piece of code is working correctly. It consists of inputs, expected outputs, and any necessary setup or teardown steps.

The @Test Annotation

In JUnit, the @Test annotation is used to mark a method as a test case. It is defined in the org.junit.Test package and can be easily imported into your test class. By annotating a method with @Test, you instruct JUnit to run that method as a test case during the test execution.

Writing Simple JUnit Test Cases

Let's see how we can write simple JUnit test cases using the @Test annotation. Here's a step-by-step guide:

Step 1: Create a Test Class

First, create a new Java class that will serve as your test class. The class name should end with "Test" to indicate that it contains test cases. For example, if you are testing a class called Calculator, you can create a test class named CalculatorTest.

Step 2: Import JUnit and @Test Annotation

Import the necessary JUnit packages, including the @Test annotation, into your test class. This can be done using the import statement at the beginning of your file.

import org.junit.Test;

Step 3: Write Test Methods

Define test methods within your test class and annotate them with @Test. Each test method should be self-contained and test a specific functionality or behavior of your code. For example, if you have a method add(int a, int b) in your Calculator class, you can write a test method to verify its correctness.

public void testAdd() {
    Calculator calculator = new Calculator();
    int result = calculator.add(2, 3);
    assertEquals(5, result);

In the above example, we've annotated the testAdd() method with @Test to indicate that it is a test case. Inside the method, we create an instance of the Calculator class and test its add() method. We then assert that the result of the addition is equal to the expected value of 5 using the assertEquals() method.

Step 4: Run the Test

To execute the test cases, you can simply right-click on your test class and select "Run as" > "JUnit Test". JUnit will run all the methods annotated with @Test and provide a report on the test results.


Writing simple JUnit test cases using the @Test annotation is a fundamental skill for any Java developer. The @Test annotation allows for easy identification of test methods and provides a structured approach to unit testing. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can quickly get started with JUnit and ensure the correctness of your code through automated testing.

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