Working with Classes and CSS in jQuery

jQuery is a powerful JavaScript library that allows developers to manipulate HTML elements, including adding and removing classes, as well as modifying CSS properties. Working with classes and CSS in jQuery opens up a world of possibilities for creating dynamic and interactive web applications. In this article, we will explore the various methods provided by jQuery to work with classes and CSS.

Adding and Removing Classes

The addClass() and removeClass() methods in jQuery provide an easy way to add or remove classes to HTML elements. Let's say we have a <div> element with the id myDiv and we want to add the class highlight to it. We can achieve this using the addClass() method as follows:


Similarly, if we want to remove the class highlight from the same <div> element, we can use the removeClass() method:


It is also possible to add or remove multiple classes at once by passing them as space-separated values within a single string parameter.

Checking for Classes

To check whether an element has a specific class, jQuery provides the hasClass() method. This method returns true if the element has the specified class and false otherwise. Here's an example that demonstrates how to use hasClass():

if ($("#myDiv").hasClass("highlight")) {
  console.log("myDiv has the highlight class!");

Modifying CSS Properties

In addition to working with classes, jQuery allows developers to directly modify CSS properties of elements using the css() method. This method accepts two parameters: the CSS property to modify, and its new value. For example, to change the background color of a <div> element with the id myDiv to red, we can do the following:

$("#myDiv").css("background-color", "red");

The css() method can also be used to retrieve the value of a CSS property by providing only the property name as a parameter:

var backgroundColor = $("#myDiv").css("background-color");
console.log("The current background color is: " + backgroundColor);

Modifying Multiple CSS Properties

When we need to modify multiple CSS properties at once, instead of calling the css() method multiple times, we can pass an object with the desired property-value pairs as a parameter to the css() method. Here's an example:

  "background-color": "red",
  "font-size": "20px",
  "color": "white"


Working with classes and CSS in jQuery allows developers to dynamically manipulate HTML elements to create rich and engaging user experiences. Whether it's adding or removing classes, modifying CSS properties, or checking for specific classes, jQuery provides a wide range of methods that simplify these tasks. With practice, mastering these techniques will enable you to build more interactive and visually appealing web applications.

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