LinkedHashSet: Ordered Set Implementation

In Java, the LinkedHashSet class is a sub-interface of the Set interface and extends the HashSet class. It provides an ordered set implementation, meaning that the order of the elements is maintained while still offering constant-time performance for the basic operations such as add, remove, and contains.

How Does it Work?

A LinkedHashSet internally uses a combination of hashing and linked list data structures. It maintains a doubly-linked list of all the elements, in the order they were inserted, while also utilizing a hash table for efficient element access and checking for duplicates.

When you add an element to a LinkedHashSet, it first checks if that element already exists in the set based on its hash value. If the element exists, it is not added again. If the element is new, it is added to the end of the linked list and its hash table entry is created.

This implementation allows for fast iteration, as the order of element insertion is preserved. It also offers efficient retrieval and removal operations as the hash map provides constant-time performance for these operations.

Common Operations

Adding Elements

To add elements to a LinkedHashSet, you can use the add method. For example:

LinkedHashSet<String> linkedHashSet = new LinkedHashSet<>();
linkedHashSet.add("Apple");
linkedHashSet.add("Banana");
linkedHashSet.add("Orange");

In this case, the elements will be inserted in the order "Apple", "Banana", "Orange".

Removing Elements

To remove elements from a LinkedHashSet, you can use the remove method. For example:

linkedHashSet.remove("Apple");

After executing this code, the "Apple" element will be removed from the set, and the remaining elements will still be in the same order.

Iterating Over Elements

You can easily iterate over the elements of a LinkedHashSet using a for-each loop. For example:

for (String fruit : linkedHashSet) {
    System.out.println(fruit);
}

This will output:

Banana
Orange

As you can see, the iteration order is the same as the insertion order, thanks to LinkedHashSet's ordered set implementation.

Conclusion

The LinkedHashSet class in Java provides an ordered set implementation, maintaining the insertion order of elements while still offering constant-time performance for key operations. It combines the benefits of a linked list and a hash table to achieve both ordered iteration and efficient element access. If you need a set with preserved ordering, LinkedHashSet can be a valuable choice in your Java applications.

© NoobToMaster - A 10xcoder company