Working with structs and methods

In Go programming language, structs are a way to define custom composite data types. They allow you to group together different types of data fields to create more complex structures. Methods, on the other hand, are functions that can be associated with a struct, allowing you to define behavior that operates on the struct's data.

Defining a struct

To define a struct in Go, you use the type keyword followed by the name of the struct and a list of field names and their types enclosed in curly braces. Here's an example of a struct representing a person:

type Person struct {
    name string
    age  int

In this example, we define a struct named Person with two fields: name of type string and age of type int.

Creating a struct instance

To create an instance of a struct, you use the struct name followed by the field names and values within curly braces. Here's an example of creating a Person instance:

person := Person{
    name: "John Doe",
    age:  25,

In this example, we create a Person instance named person with the name "John Doe" and age 25.

Accessing struct fields

To access struct fields, you use the dot notation. Here's an example of accessing the name field of a Person struct:


In this example, we print the value of the name field of the person struct.

Declaring methods on structs

Methods in Go are defined by declaring a function with a receiver, which is a parameter enclosed in parentheses before the function name. The receiver indicates on which struct type the method can be called. Here's an example of a method declared on the Person struct:

func (p Person) greet() {
    fmt.Println("Hello, my name is",

In this example, we define a method named greet on the Person struct that prints a greeting using the name field.

Calling struct methods

To call a method on a struct instance, you use the dot notation followed by the method name and parentheses. Here's an example of calling the greet method on a Person instance:


In this example, we call the greet method on the person struct instance, resulting in the output "Hello, my name is John Doe".

Modifying struct fields in methods

Methods can also modify struct fields by using a pointer receiver. By using a pointer receiver, you can directly modify the struct fields without making a copy of the entire struct. Here's an example of a method that modifies the age field of a Person struct:

func (p *Person) incrementAge() {

In this example, we define a method named incrementAge on the Person struct with a pointer receiver. The method increments the age field by one.


Structs and methods are powerful features in the Go programming language that allow you to define custom data types and associated behaviors. By combining structs and methods, you can create more complex and reusable code. Consider using them in your next Go project to improve code organization and enhance code readability.

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