Bitwise Operators in C# Programming Language

In C#, bitwise operators are used to manipulate individual bits of integral types like integers and characters. These operators perform bitwise operations on each corresponding bit of two operands.

Here are the commonly used bitwise operators in C#:

1. Bitwise AND (&) Operator: The AND operator returns a value where each bit is set to 1 only if both corresponding bits from the operands are also 1; otherwise, it sets the bit to 0.

2. Bitwise OR (|) Operator: The OR operator returns a value where each bit is set to 1 if at least one corresponding bit from the operands is also 1; otherwise, it sets the bit to 0.

3. Bitwise NOT (~) Operator: The NOT operator returns the complement of the bits in the operand. It flips each bit from 1 to 0 or from 0 to 1.

4. Bitwise XOR (^) Operator: The XOR operator returns a value where each bit is set to 1 if only one corresponding bit from the operands is 1; otherwise, it sets the bit to 0.

Let's see these operators in action with some examples:

``````int a = 6;       // binary representation: 0110
int b = 3;       // binary representation: 0011

int bitwiseAnd = a & b;   // 0110 AND 0011 = 0010 (Output: 2 in decimal)
int bitwiseOr = a | b;    // 0110 OR 0011 = 0111 (Output: 7 in decimal)
int bitwiseNotA = ~a;     // ~0110 = 1001 (Output: -7 in decimal due to two's complement representation)
int bitwiseXor = a ^ b;   // 0110 XOR 0011 = 0101 (Output: 5 in decimal)``````

Please note that the output values in decimal representation have been provided alongside the binary calculations for better understanding.

Bitwise operators are also commonly used in tasks like setting or clearing specific bits, checking if a bit is set, or extracting specific bits from a value.

In conclusion, bitwise operators are essential tools for manipulating individual bits in C# programming. They allow you to perform various operations at the bit level, enabling efficient handling of certain scenarios where bitwise calculations are required.

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