Configuring Custom Routes and URL Patterns in CodeIgniter


CodeIgniter is a powerful and flexible PHP framework that offers numerous features to make web development easier and more efficient. One such feature is its ability to configure custom routes and URL patterns. This allows developers to define how URLs should be structured and how requests to those URLs should be handled by the application.

In this article, we will explore how to configure custom routes and URL patterns in CodeIgniter, and discuss how this functionality can be used to create cleaner and more SEO-friendly URLs.

What are Routes and URL Patterns?

Routes in CodeIgniter are rules defined in the application's routing configuration file (application/config/routes.php) that determine how URLs should be interpreted. They map URLs to specific controllers and methods, allowing developers to define custom URL patterns that are independent of the physical file structure of the application.

URL patterns, on the other hand, are the actual URLs that users type into their browsers to access different pages of the application. These patterns can be configured to include dynamic segments, query parameters, and even custom patterns, giving developers ultimate control over the structure and behavior of their application's URLs.

Configuring Routes

To configure custom routes in CodeIgniter, you need to open the routes.php file located in the application's config folder. In this file, you will find an array called $route that contains the default routing rules provided by CodeIgniter.

To define a custom route, you can use the following syntax:

$route['url_pattern'] = 'controller/method';

Here, url_pattern refers to the desired URL pattern that you want to map to a specific controller and method. For example, if you want to map the URL to the Products controller's index method, you would define the following route:

$route['products'] = 'Products/index';

You can also include dynamic segments in your URL patterns by using the following syntax:

$route['url_pattern/(:any)'] = 'controller/method/$1';

In this case, (:any) is a placeholder that matches any characters except the forward slash (/) and captures the value as a parameter to be passed to the controller method. For example, to map the URL to the Products controller's view method, where 123 is a dynamic product ID, you would define the following route:

$route['products/(:any)'] = 'Products/view/$1';

Creating SEO-Friendly URLs

Custom routes and URL patterns can be particularly useful for creating SEO-friendly URLs that are easier for users to remember and search engines to index. By including relevant keywords in the URL, you can improve your website's visibility and ranking in search engine results.

For example, let's say you have an e-commerce website that sells different categories of products. Instead of using generic URL patterns like, you can configure custom routes to create more descriptive and user-friendly URLs like or

To achieve this, you would define routes like the following:

$route['electronics/(:any)'] = 'Products/view/$1';
$route['clothing/(:any)'] = 'Products/view/$1';

By configuring these routes, you can now access the respective category and product details using cleaner and more meaningful URLs.


In this article, we explored how to configure custom routes and URL patterns in CodeIgniter. By taking advantage of this functionality, you can create cleaner, more intuitive, and SEO-friendly URLs that enhance the user experience and improve your website's search engine visibility.

Custom routes allow you to map URLs to specific controllers and methods, giving you the flexibility to define custom URL patterns independent of the file structure. By including dynamic segments and using placeholders, you can create URLs that respond to different parameters and provide more personalized content.

So go ahead and leverage the power of configuring custom routes and URL patterns in CodeIgniter to enhance your web application's URLs and provide a great user experience!

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