Built-in services in AngularJS

AngularJS is a powerful JavaScript framework that provides a range of built-in services to assist developers in building robust and efficient web applications. These services abstract away complex tasks and provide convenient APIs to achieve common functionality. In this article, we will take a closer look at some of the most commonly used built-in services in AngularJS: $http, $rootScope, and $location.


The $http service in AngularJS is a core component that facilitates communication with remote servers using the HTTP protocol. It offers methods to make HTTP requests such as GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, etc., and handles various aspects like request headers, data serialization, and response handling. Here's an example of how to make a GET request using $http:

  .then(function(response) {
    // Handle the response here
  .catch(function(error) {
    // Handle any errors here

The $http service returns a promise, allowing you to chain .then() and .catch() methods to handle the response or any errors that may occur during the request.


$rootScope is a special object that acts as the parent scope for all other scopes in an AngularJS application. It serves as the communication medium between different components of an application. You can think of it as the global scope that is accessible throughout the entire application. This allows you to share data and functions across controllers, directives, and other components.

app.controller('HomeController', function($scope, $rootScope) {
  $rootScope.sharedData = 'Hello from $rootScope!';

app.controller('OtherController', function($scope, $rootScope) {
  $scope.data = $rootScope.sharedData;

In the example above, we define a variable sharedData on the $rootScope in the HomeController, and then access it in the OtherController using $rootScope.sharedData or simply $scope.data. This way, we can share data between different parts of our application without explicitly passing it around.


The $location service provides access to the current URL in an AngularJS application. It allows you to interact with the browser's URL and retrieve information like the current path, query parameters, and hash.

app.controller('MyController', function($scope, $location) {
  $scope.currentPath = $location.path();

  $scope.$watch(function() {
    return $location.search();
  }, function(newParams) {
    // Handle changes in query parameters

In the example above, we inject the $location service into a controller and use its methods to retrieve the current path using $location.path(). We can also watch for changes in the query parameters using $scope.$watch and react accordingly.


AngularJS provides a rich set of built-in services that simplify various aspects of web application development. The $http service handles HTTP communication, $rootScope facilitates inter-component communication, and $location provides access to the current URL. Understanding and utilizing these services effectively can significantly enhance the development process and improve the overall quality of AngularJS applications.

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