Animation and Effects Using ngAnimate

AngularJS is a powerful JavaScript framework that provides developers with a set of tools for building dynamic web applications. One of the most exciting features of AngularJS is its ngAnimate module, which allows developers to easily add animation and effects to their applications.

What is ngAnimate?

ngAnimate is a module provided by AngularJS that allows for the creation of animations and effects using a combination of CSS3 transitions and JavaScript. With ngAnimate, developers can define animations for various events in their application, such as when elements are added, removed, or updated.

Getting Started with ngAnimate

To start using ngAnimate, you will need to include the AngularJS library in your project and include the ngAnimate module as a dependency. Once you have done this, you can start using all of the ngAnimate directives and classes in your HTML templates.

Animation Basics

To create animations with ngAnimate, you'll need to define CSS classes that specify the desired transitions. These classes will be added and removed from HTML elements based on certain triggers or events. For example, you might want to define a CSS class that animates an element sliding in from the left when it is added to the DOM.

Once you have defined your CSS classes, you can use the ngAnimate directives to apply them to HTML elements. The most commonly used directive is ng-class, which allows you to conditionally apply CSS classes based on certain conditions. You can also use other directives like ng-show and ng-hide to animate elements based on their visibility.

Animation Triggers

ngAnimate provides a wide range of triggers that can be used to fire animations. Some of the most commonly used triggers include:

  • ng-enter: Applied when an element is added to the DOM.
  • ng-leave: Applied when an element is removed from the DOM.
  • ng-move: Applied when an element is moved within the DOM.
  • ng-show/ng-hide: Applied when an element's visibility changes.

These triggers can be combined with CSS classes to create a wide variety of animations and effects. For example, you might use ng-enter and ng-leave to animate the appearance and disappearance of a modal dialog box.

Advanced Animation Features

In addition to the basic animation features provided by ngAnimate, there are also more advanced features that allow for greater control over animations. For example, you can use the ng-delay directive to add delays between different animation phases, or the ng-repeat directive to animate lists.

Another powerful feature of ngAnimate is the ability to define custom animations. This allows you to create animations that are tailored to the specific needs of your application. By defining custom animations, you can create unique and engaging user experiences that set your application apart from the rest.


ngAnimate is a powerful module provided by AngularJS that allows developers to easily add animation and effects to their applications. By combining CSS3 transitions with JavaScript, ngAnimate makes it easy to create dynamic and engaging user interfaces. Whether you are creating a simple slide-in animation or a complex custom animation, ngAnimate has the tools you need to bring your application to life.

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